Practical food choices can make a profound difference to your blood glucose and insulin levels. That reason alone is enough to imagine doing the once unimaginable task of planning suitable and tasty meals. Meals do not have to be bland or severely restrictive. The most important feature of a daily menu is its mix of complex carbohydrates, such as grains, fruits and vegetables, lean proteins and healthy fats.
Maintaining a healthy diet is important for everyone, but it is vital for people with diabetes. Diabetes diet suggestions start with an understanding of carbohydrates, fiber and fats. In a diabetic Dinner recipe, women should have 45-60 grams of carbohydrate per meal (3-4 carbohydrate choices) & men should have 60-75 grams of carbohydrate per meal (4-5 carbohydrate choices). Consumption of foods with a low glycaemic index is encouraged because they produce a slow, gradual rise in blood sugar. Examples include starchy foods such as basmati rice, spaghetti, noodles, granary bread, beans & lentils. The intake of total fat should be restricted to less than 35% of total energy intake with less than 10% as saturated fat (cream, cheese, butter, ghee & animal fats such as suet, tallow, lard and fatty meat, coconut oil, cottonseed oil, palm kernel oil, chocolate, and some prepared foods) & 10-20% from monounsaturated fat (Oils & spreads made from olive, rapeseed or groundnut oils). Alcohol can be consumed in moderation unless there is a coexisting medical problem that requires abstinence. Weekly recommended limits are a maximum of 14 units for women & 21 units for men, a unit being defined as half pint of beer/lager, a measure of spirits or a small glass of wine. Salt intake should be reduced to no more than 6 gm daily. Low-calorie & sugar-free drinks are useful for people with diabetes. The ‘plate model’ may provide a simple aid to show the proportion of carbohydrate & other food groups for selection at meal times. The plate is divided in 3 sections. The smallest portion (1/5) is for the meat, fish, egg or cheese & the remainder divided in roughly equal proportions between the staple foods (rice, pasta, potato, bread etc) & vegetables or fruits.
The more we’ve learned about diabetes, the more we’ve come to understand that those who suffer from it don’t need to be on a specific diet, but rather they should follow certain guidelines for their dinner recipes. By doing so, they’ll better control their diabetes and general health.